Hiker in dense forest

Biodiversity means the biological diversity of nature including the genetic diversity as well as the one of species and ecosystems and the interactions between those.

Since the adoption of the Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD) at the Earth Summit 1992 in Rio de Janeiro, the concept of biodiversity has evolved into a political subject, which integrates nature, society - making use of natural resources - and the responsibility of society for the conservation of these resources.

Tourism is based on the attractions, beauties and services of nature and therefore plays an important role for the implementation of the convention. Tourism can contribute to the conservation of biological diversity if it uses natural resources in a way that guarantees the conservation and regeneration of nature and ecosystems.

Read more on biodiversity and tourism on the following pages: